Guide to Essential and Fragrance Oils - What are they? How many to use? How to replace them?

Guide to Essential and Fragrance Oils - What are they? How many to use? How to replace them?
What are essential oils, what is the difference between essential oils, essential oils and cosmetic fragrances? What can he actually do? Why use them, how many to use and how to switch between them? We'll talk about this and much more in the Fragrant Guide!More information
You can buy the individual ingredients right below the procedure

Essential oils, essential oils, cosmetic fragrances, extracts - how do you know about them?

Let's start from the basics - there is no fragrance like fragrance and oil like oil. If you have already taken a look at the fragrances category on Ekokoze , you have found that you can choose between oils, essential oils and natural essential oils, extracts or cosmetic fragrances and essential oils (we will leave macerates aside for now). Well, that's not enough, is it? :)


The extracts, in our case 100 natural aromatic substances , are suitable both for cosmetics and for various delicacies – for example fruit desserts, to give them the necessary aroma, because as is well known, the smell goes hand in hand with the taste. Aromatic extracts therefore often smell like edible delicacies – mango , apricot , caramel or watermelon .


Natural essential oils and essential oils are used in the production of cosmetics, healing and aromatherapy, and they all mean the same thing – substances extracted only from flowers, plants, herbs, and fruits in their purest form. They are also called essential oils. The difference between the labels often comes from how the manufacturer calls their product. These are highly concentrated substances (up to several kilograms of basic raw material can be used for a few milliliters of essential oil), so it must be remembered that they must always be diluted and not added to food. So among essential oils we can find the scents of various plants in their purest form. You certainly know lavender or mint essential oil, but it can also be very rare plants and oils, such as myrrh , coffee or clary sage essential oil.


Unfortunately, the essential oil cannot be extracted from some plants (or the resulting smell is very different from the one we imagine). It's like an apple scent. That is why there are cosmetic fragrances or in other words fragrance oils. In cosmetic fragrances we can find such essential oils in which some component is synthetic, in addition, it is mostly a fragrance composition or composition of several fragrances that we would not be able to produce "only" with the help of nature. Cosmetic fragrances therefore do not offer the beneficial aromatherapeutic properties of essential oils, but they can certainly improve our mood and make us happy with their fragrance.

They are irreplaceable when washing or cleaning the household, making soaps or candles and many other products. Among them we can find, for example, the scent of blueberry , chocolate and many wonderful combinations, such as fig and vanilla or blackberry and basil , or thanks to them we can also save money and use their synthetic counterparts instead of very expensive rare essential oils, such as jasmine or rose scents.

What can it do and how to replace them?

First of all, let's talk about why we use the aforementioned joys in home products and cosmetics at all - and that will also get us to how to successfully (or not) replace products in recipes. The production needs are for their:

-   smell

- therapeutic effects

- physical effects

- a combination of the previous one



That must have occurred to you, right? :) Sometimes we just want something to smell nice, nothing more, nothing less. That something is usually soaps or other body cleansers, lip balms, perfumes and home fragrances, candles and cleaning products including washing powders.

If we use the scent "just" to make it smell nice, you can basically change them freely. You can use essential oils, cosmetic fragrances and extracts, just remember that citrus essential oils are photosensitive, so don't use them on your skin and complexion before going outside. Sad but necessary.


Beneficial healing effects that will help with ailments of the body or psyche can be obtained with the help of essential oils. Cosmetic fragrances will be short here, therefore, if you are making something that is supposed to relieve or "treat" in some way, for example to help with acne or a cough, definitely do not substitute essential oils for cosmetic fragrances - you could deprive yourself of the capabilities of your product.

When you start researching essential oils, you'll find that there's at least one (or maybe sixteen different) essential oils to combat whatever problem you're dealing with - hair loss, problem skin, tummy seems like we have an essential oil for everything. This is also why it is difficult to find capable and effective replacements among oils - everyone can do something different and no two essential oils are completely alike.

But we can find essential oils whose abilities are similar:

- Antibacterial and antimicrobial effects: tea tree, eucalyptus, lemon grass, mint, cedar, citrus, palmarosa, citronella, thyme, camphor, laurel

- Antiviral effects: lavender, litsea cubeba, tea tree, oregano, bergamot, palmarosa, patchouli, niaouli

- Healing effects: chamomile, pine, cypress, bois de ho, vanilla, myrrh, frankincense, geranium

- Relaxing effects: lavender, ylang-ylang, lemon, bois de siam, petitgrain, nutmeg

You can find all these essential oils on Ekokoze, yup!


You are certainly familiar with Tiger Ointment, which is based precisely on the physical effects of essential oils - when you apply it to your forehead, you immediately feel coldness and other sensations on your skin. Essential oil of mint and menthol cools, cajeput and camphor help to clean and release cavities, cloves and rosemary warm.

If you desire the physical effects of essential oils in ointments or other mixed preparations, do not change them and do not replace the essential oil with a fragrant one, it would be difficult to find and replace the raw material on whose capabilities the entire product is mostly built.

How much to use?

As a rule, the recommended amount of essential oils or fragrances in the production of cosmetics is around 2-5, which is a very wide range, so we need to talk more about it. It is completely different with candles, there you can use up to 10 weights of the product, we recommend keeping the amount of scents to 6-8.

For who is it?

But when it comes to cosmetics, always consider who you are mixing the products for. If the product is intended for babies, children, pregnant or nursing mothers, or the elderly, keep the concentration low (perhaps lower than you would like) and do not exceed 1 . If you are producing for adults and healthy people, remember that less is always more when it comes to essential and fragrance oils. Seriously. Therefore, weigh and measure all scents well, the eye does not pay off much in this case.

Different strength, different concentrations

We also have to think about the fact that the types and strength of essential oils differ very significantly . This is also why the general recommendation of the quantity "up to 5" is rather unfortunate. Just imagine, 5 essential oils of soothing lavender will have a decidedly different effect in a cream than 5 essential oils of spicy cloves.

To dilute or not to dilute ?

Some essential oils are known to be used in small amounts undiluted, i.e. at 100% concentration, such as lavender and tea tree. Personally, I would also dilute those and would definitely not recommend the use of essential oils. Lots of people do, and I'm not aware of any cases of losing a limb after applying 100 tea tree essential oil, so it's up to you, but keep in mind that there are many reported cases of irritation after using even these two "gentle" undiluted oils.

On the other hand, there are also a lot of very irritating oils that you definitely want to use in much smaller amounts than the 2 listed - for example cinnamon, cloves, but also bergamot, which can burn many people in higher concentrations on the skin.

First theory, then practice

This brings us to the crucial point – for each type of essential oil, first check its maximum concentration in the products, especially if it is a leave-on product for the face and skin. You can find very high-quality, clearly processed and easy-to-find information about essential oils on AromaWeb (or contact us and we'll take a look at it together).

When to exceed the recommended concentration?

It must be added that if you are making ointments of the already mentioned Tiger ointment (and other cooling, warming, blood-permeating and other balms) where we want to use essential oils to achieve those physical effects, the concentration of 5 will definitely not be sufficient. For some products that are supposed to be really strong, it may be up to 10 times more. Therefore, don't be upset that you will find some instructions and recipes that exceed the limit of 5, otherwise they wouldn't work :) But there are a minority of them.

What to take away from this? When mixing, start small and add very judiciously. Do your own research BEFORE starting production and always think about the people who will come into contact with the product.

And the warning notices?!

When you start excitedly adding essential oils to your cart and then you notice those crazy safety warnings and warning symbols, remember this article :)

Happy making and happy sniffing!




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